对于 Servlet 实例数量的问题，可以从 Specification 中找到:
The servlet declaration which is part of the deployment descriptor of the web application containing the servlet controls how the servlet container provides instances of the servlet.
For a servlet not hosted in a distributed environment (the default), the servlet container must use only one instance per servlet declaration. However, for a servlet implementing the SingleThreadModel interface, the servlet container may instantiate multiple instances to handle a heavy request load and serialize requests to a particular instance.
In the case where a servlet was deployed as part of an application marked in the deployment descriptor as distributable, a container may have only one instance per servlet declaration per virtual machine (VM). However, if the servlet in a distributable application implements the SingleThreadModel interface, the container may instantiate multiple instances of that servlet in each VM of the container